The 69th Fighter Squadron was activated on January 15, 1941 as the 69th Pursuit Group. They, like so many other squadrons at the time, were originally a training squadron. For the first two years, the 69th began training elite pilots to send to the fronts, both in Europe and the Pacific. However, in November of 1943, they received their mobilization orders to the Pacific Theater. The squadron was transferred to Brisbane, Australia, under the command of the 58th Fighter Group in 5th Air Force.